The three types of linear lighting in the home

iluminación lineal viviendas Lluria

Linear lighting has revolutionised the way interiors are conceived and designed. One example would be to consider how complicated it used to be to avoid putting in ceiling lights or to resolve details when it came to building light into the furniture. Today, linear LEDs, with all the available formats and finishes, have opened up an infinite array of possibilities for lighting solutions in all sorts of spaces and construction details.

In the home sector, there are countless linear lighting applications that make it possible to set up a perfect, flexible and visually appealing solution.

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Baño vivienda. Solertia. VAM Arquitectos & Vié Il·luminació.

TYPES OF LIGHTING

There are three basic types of lighting that are combined and interact with one another, to create the ideal atmosphere in a home:

. General or ambient lighting
. Occasional or accent lighting
. Task lighting

Linear LEDs provide solutions for each of these types of lighting. So, in both this article and subsequent ones, we will be exploring the diverse applications that exist today for the different spaces that make up a home.

TIPOS DE ILUMINACIÓN Existen tres tipos básicos de iluminación con los que crear la atmósfera perfecta en una vivienda, combinándolos e interactuando entre sí: . Iluminación general o de ambiente . Iluminación puntual o de acento . Iluminación para tareas Los LED lineales aportan soluciones a cada una de estas tipologías, así que, en este artículo y en los siguientes, vamos a repasar las distintas aplicaciones que existen para los diferentes espacios que componen una vivienda.
Vivienda Bilbao

GENERAL OR AMBIENT LIGHTING

This type of lighting is designed to create an ideally uniform level of general lighting, to identify the space and enable users to move about within it safely. Generally speaking, the light emitted is soft, diffused or indirect and can be regulated to adapt to day and night-time setups. Usually, this lighting is not enough to enable users to perform certain activities beneath it or to highlight specific objects or elements around the room, yet it is fundamental to create sensations.

For this purpose, linear LED lighting is a major innovation, as it provides general lighting with no need to install any sort of recess or surface lights in the ceiling. For hidden general lighting using linear LEDs, here are some of the most frequently found solutions:

. Perimeter recesses facing the walls
. Perimeter recesses facing the ceiling
. Hidden indirect lighting above structural elements or furniture

Of course, linear lights can also be hung or installed on surfaces in plain view, if the idea is not to integrate the lighting into the architecture.

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Vivienda en Vilanova. Saladie + Energia 32 Studios SLP-AMCA Architecture

TASK LIGHTING

This is an intense and direct source of light that is necessary for specific activities that are carried out in the home, such as reading, studying, working, cooking, putting on makeup, sewing, ironing and doing arts and crafts. It provides a greater level of light in the specific area where the activity is carried out, as an additional reinforcement to the general lighting. In this case, linear LEDs are placed closer to the work surface. The applications would be as follows:

. Linear lights built into the furniture (kitchens, offices, bathrooms and mirrors)
. Hanging lights close to the work surface
. Portable floor or table lamps

To be efficient, lighting must provide a considerable luminous flux that can be controlled at the same time, to prevent glares and visual fatigue.

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Vivienda Barcelona. Punto Luz

ACCENT LIGHTING

Accent lighting is designed to highlight a specific object or area, generating a contrast with the ambient lighting. Accent lighting draws attention to certain elements in the home, such as architectural details, materials and textures, works of art, plants, and shelves featuring books or other objects, making each one of those elements a focal point in the space.

Traditionally, occasional and adjustable lights were used for this purpose, yet linear lighting is offering increasingly more solutions for these needs, with miniature LED lights and LEDS built into the furniture. Here are a few examples:

. Linear lighting built into details of the furniture
. Linear floor lighting
. Linear lighting for wall washing

The main aim of accent lighting is to draw the eye to a specific area, creating a point of interest and visual enjoyment.

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Apartamento en Lanzarote. Maraba Studio

Hence, when selecting the type of lighting for a given area of the home, the first step is to identify the types of activities that will be carried out there. Very often, a single room in the home is used for several different purposes. For example, the living room can provide a reading area, a place to relax, a dining area and a place to watch television. In keeping with this conceptual framework, in the upcoming articles we will be offering you helpful guidelines for the use of linear lighting in specific household areas.